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Gun Equipment

lt gun
105mm Light Gun

The Light Gun is a British design, manufactured under licence by Australian Defence Industries. It has been in service in the British Army since the early 1970s, and in Australia and New Zealand since 1987. It was used with success in the 1982 Falklands War, the Gulf War (1990) and in Bosnia in 1995.

The Light Gun can be fitted with two different barrels:  

  • the shorter L119 barrel which uses the US M1 ammunition, and
  • the long L118 barrel which uses the British Abbot Mk 2 ammunition

The US Ml ammunition is more  cost effective than the Abbot type, so the short L119 barrel is used for training. The L118 barrel with the longer range of its Abbot ammunition is used in the operational role. Both versions use the same carriage, and each weapon has one of each type of barrel.   Other characteristics of the Light Gun are:                                                                    

Gun Type

L119  

  L118

Ammunition

US M1 type UK Abbot Mk 2

Projectile weight:

15kg   16kg

Rate of fire

6rpm      6rpm

Detachment size

6        6

Equipment weight:

1800kg  1818kg  
 

The 105mm Light Gun is the primary equipment of the RNZA. It shall remain in service for the foreseeable future.

M101A1 Towed Howitzer

The 105mm M101A1 Towed Howitzer is in service in the RNZA both as  training equipment and the equipment of three TF batteries.

The M101A1 gun is American in origin. It served the US Army with distinction in World War II, Korea and Vietnam. It first came into New Zealand service in Vietnam as it was discovered that the L5 Pack Howitzers did not stand up to the high rate of fire required. M101Als were acquired from the Americans, and they soon proved to be simple and rugged guns that were reliable and easy to maintain. New Zealand's M101Als were overhauled in the US in 1988 and now use the same sight unit as the Light Gun.

The characteristics of the M101A1 are as follows:

 

M101A1

Projectile weight:

15kg  

Rate of fire

6rpm   

Detachment size

6    

Equipment weight:

1800kg 

The M101A1 will remain in service beyond the year 2000.