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Roles

 

Roles

Roles and Organisation

The role of artillery is:

"to support other arms and services by establishing such fire supremacy in     the battle area that the enemy can neither interfere  with our operations nor effectively develop his own.'

In carrying out this role we are required to provide the firepower necessary to support the commanders' plan. We must be able to locate enemy weapons and find targets to attack, and we must be able to find and hit aircraft as part of the air defence system. Each of these jobs are covered by separate types of artillery units under different branches. The branches of the RNZA are:

a. Field Branch. This consists of all surface to surface artillery, whether equipped with guns, howitzers or mortars (and missiles in larger armies). The main job of the field artillery is to help the infantry and armour during attacks and in defence. Included in this role is the requirement to fire directly at enemy tanks, known as the anti-tank role.

b. Locating Branch. This is the term given to artillery units responsible for locating targets providing information on the enemy, and for the provision of meteorological (weather), survey, and calibration data.

c. Air Defence Branch. The Air Defence Branch is the surface to air artillery, whether equipped with guns or missiles. Their task is to shoot down enemy aircraft. In addition to the weapons themselves it includes associated surveillance, tracking and guidance systems.

Although not currently a branch of the RNZA, artillery also covers Coastal Branch Artillery. This branch consists of artillery units whose primary role is to engage or assist in the engagement of enemy ships. This branch has played a major role within the RNZA over the past century, and is an active branch in many other armies to the present day. Locating Branch has recently been disbanded in particular the Mortar Locating Radar. However information is still provided on meteorological (weather) and survey.

The standard field branch artillery unit is the Field Regiment. This consists primarily of a Regimental Headquarters, a Headquarters Battery, field (or gun) Batteries, and a unit workshop. During peace time training, there are six guns in each battery. When the Regiment goes to war it will go with six or eight guns in each battery - this will increase the weight of fire which can be provided. In outline the Regiment currently looks like this:

 

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16th Field Regiment

16th Field Regiment is the 'Centre of Excellence' for Indirect Fire Support (IFS) training in the New Zealand Army. Utilising the School of Artillery as the vehicle for IFS training, personnel are trained either in Waiouru or the training is exported to the Territorial Regiment locations.

16 Fd Regt has Operational Control - Technical (OPCON (T)) over the following Indirect Fire sub-units:

 

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22(D) Bty in Wellington. 22(D) Bty is part of the Wellington Hawkes Bay Regiment however all Observation Post training is conducted by 16th Field Regiment. 22(D) provides a number of highly trained TF personnel to augment the OP parties of 16th Field Regiment.  

32(E) Bty in Christchurch. 32 also provides OP parties for 16th Field Regiment and is based at Burnham Camp outside of Christchurch.

IFS Company in Auckland.  The IFS Company is also known as 162 Battery. It is an amalgamation of New Zealand's oldest Battery, that being 11(A) Bty, and the Waikato based 4(G) Mdm Bty. With the 1998 Territorial Force Re-Orientation the two batterys were amalgamated into an Indirect Fire support Company based out of Arch Hill. Also included within the framework of the Company is a Mortar Platoon. The strength of the IFS Company will be about 150 when recruiting and training has been consolidated. The purpose of the IFS Company is to provide trained TF personnel to augment, or supplement the Regular Force in 16th Field Regiment should it be required.

 

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